Mundaka Upanishad 1.1.4

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Mundaka Upanishad 1.1.4

Mundaka Upanisad 1.1.4

तस्मै स होवाच । द्वेविद्ये वेदितव्ये इति ह स्म यद्ब्रह्मविदो वदन्ति परा चैवापरा च ॥ ४ ॥

Mundaka Upanishad 1.1.4

tasmai sa hovāca | dvevidye veditavye iti ha sma yadbrahmavido vadanti parā caivāparā ca || 4 ||

Mundaka Upanisad 1.1.4

4. To him he said “There are two sorts of knowledge to he acquired. So those who know the Brahman say; namely, Para and Apara, i.e., the higher and the lower.

4. Kepada dia dia berkata, “Ada dua macam pengetahuan yang ia dapatkan. Jadi orang-orang yang mengenal Brahman berkata; yaitu, Para dan Apara, yaitu, semakin tinggi dan semakin rendah.

Shankara’s Commentary:

Com.—Angiras said to Saunaka. What did he say? (He said) that there were two sorts of knowledge to he known. So indeed, do those who know the import of the Vedas and who see the absolute truth, say what these two sorts are; he says: Para is the knowledge of the Paramatman and Apara is that which deals with the means and the results of good and bad actions. It may be asked how, having to say what it was that Saunaka asked about in the question—“What being known one becomes omniscient,’ Angiras stated what he was not asked about, by the passage “there are two sorts of knowledge, etc.” This is no fault; for the reply requires this order of statement. Apara vidya is ignorance and that ought to be dispelled. When what is known is Apara vidya, i.e., the subject of ignorance, nothing can be known as it is. The rule is that after thus refuting the faulty theory, the true conclusion should be stated.

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